Three defendants were today sentenced at Winchester Crown Court to 3 years immediate custody, for taking part in a “prison mutiny” in June 2016 at HMP Erlestoke as reported here
A fourth defendant had been acquitted.
Numerous other prisoners who had participated in the disturbance had been dealt with administratively, or were charged with lesser offences.
This disturbance was one of a number of similar episodes in recent years, which many commentators have contributed to a hugely reduced prison budget, which has led to a shortage of experienced prison officers, and raised tensions for prisoners.
These recent disturbances have followed a long and predictable pattern.
The most infamous British prison riot in recent history was at Strangeways in April 1990 (One prisoner killed, and 147 prison officers and 47 prisoners injured. Much of the prison was damaged or destroyed with cost of repairs coming to £50 million)
The resulting Woolf Report found “Prisoners felt their complaints about conditions were being ignored. Remand prisoners were only allowed out of their cells for 18 hours per week, and Category A prisoners were locked in their cells for 22 hours a day, and rarely left their cells except for “slopping out“, a one-hour exercise period each day or a weekly shower”
Lord Woolf concluded that conditions in the prison had been intolerable, and recommended major reform of the prison system.
“Slopping out” has ended, but many of the other recommendations were never implemented, subsequently abandoned or now ignored. So much so, that 25 years later in 2015 Lord Woolfe warned that prisons are again at Crisis point (as reported here) and as evidenced in numerous Prison Inspectorate reports, and the annual Inspectorate report.
The IMB (Independent Monitoring Board) reports which visited Erlestoke gave an insight of the dire situation there before the disturbance. (Most recent report here)
(Erlestoke is a medium secure all-male prison with over 500 prisoners including violent offenders, sex offenders, and “lifers”. A number were “IPP” prisoners who had served longer than their sentence but with no indication as to when may be released.)
The IMB reports showed:-
-Drugs were rampant in the prison, particularly SPICE
-smuggling of tobacco
-smuggling and useage of mobile phones
-a culture of bullying
-property going “missing”
-high levels of self-harm
– a “self-inflicted death” (2015)
-high levels of mental-health issues, many unaddressed and/or untreated
-chronic staff shortages.
On the 11 June there were only 17 members of staff on duty.
As a result, there was a lock-down.
Despite what was said by the Prosecution at the outset of the trial, and then reported in local media, this was never about a “smoking ban” which had been introduced that year.
The trigger for the disturbances was the lamentable staff-shortages which caused the prison to have another unannounced lock-down, a decision that was communicated to prisoners by a note pushed under their cell doors, and communicated to staff with a note pinned to the notice-board wishing them “good luck”.
The consequences that flowed from the lock-down included:-
– being locked in cell all day, (in some cases shared cells with an open-toilet)
– no hot meals,
– no association,
– no showers
– and no calls to friends or family (one of the prisoners on trial had promised he would call his daughter. it was her birthday)
That was a systemic failure, and not the fault of the hard-working prison officers on duty.
If it does not excuse prisoner’s conduct, it does at least explain it.
Prisoners kicked off, and some broke through their doors, which were wooden.
Two ended up on the roof.
So far as the damage is concerned, it is hard to establish an accurate valuation as much of what was repaired was badly in need of repair or refurbishment anyway, including:-
-some of the showers and boilers that didn’t work,
-the huge backlog of maintenance which should have been but was not completed by Carillion,
-wooden doors on the cells which are usually seen in a prison museum rather than an operating prison.
The prison service conducted a review into the disturbance, and produced a report which they have not published and declined to provide to the Prosecution.
The two wings which were damaged are back in operation.
It will however take more than a lick of paint and new cell doors to repair what is broken in the prison system.
The real damage inflicted on the prison system is not broken windows and roof tiles, but the savage cuts to the prison budget by former Justice Secretary Chris Grayling, which has left prison buildings to decay, slashed numbers of prison officers, and cut back on education and rehabilitation for those locked up.
When people , whether prisoners serving their time or sailors at sea, are treated unfairly and subjected to intolerable conditions, it will (as Captain William Bligh discovered) lead to mutiny.
Prisoners convicted of prison mutiny pay a price for their participation in disorder, and those sentenced today will now serve an additional three years to their current sentences.
But as a society we all pay the price of Government failure to tackle the prison crisis that shames this Country.
As Winston Churchill once said: “The mood and temper of the public in regard to the treatment of crime and criminals is one of the most unfailing tests of the civilisation of any country. A calm and dispassionate recognition of the rights of convicted criminals against the state, a constant heart-searching by all charged with the duty of punishment, a desire and eagerness to rehabilitate, and an unfaltering faith that there is a treasure, if only you can find it in the heart of every person – these are the symbols which in the treatment of crime and criminals mark and measure the stored up strength of a nation, and are the sign and proof of the living virtue in it.”